Activities by Phases of Emergency Management

The Frisco ISD Emergency Management Department is committed to ensuring life safety of students, staff and visitors through the application of best practices and principles found within the five phases of emergency management – Prevention, Mitigation, Preparedness, Response and Recovery.


Prevention includes those activities that prevent an incident or emergency. Prevention activities take place before an emergency and include, but are not limited to:

  • Utilizing physical security features to deny access to unauthorized visitors;

  • Employing behavioral threat assessment teams to ensure early intervention and support for students in crisis;

  • Implementing technologies that allow for anonymous reporting and enhanced situational awareness that may prevent an incident. 


Mitigation actions include those activities that result in a reduction of the damaging effects of unavoidable emergency situations. Mitigation activities take place before an emergency and include:

  • Constructing reinforced shelter areas within new schools to minimize the threat to life presented by severe weather;

  • Integration of physical distancing, hand hygiene and other disease mitigation strategies into emergency planning and response actions;

  • Implementing use of standardized emergency management technologies that reduce the amount of time needed to activate a campus emergency alert. 


Preparedness is a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping and facilitating drills to enhance readiness. Preparedness activities take place before an emergency occurs:

  • Providing emergency equipment and supplies to scale and level of funding;

  • Emergency planning, including maintaining the District Emergency Operations Plan, and its annexes;

  • Development and ongoing maintenance of campus-level EOP documents by campus Crisis Response Teams;

  • Conducting or arranging appropriate training for District personnel in collaboration with jurisdictional emergency responders and other community stakeholders;

  • Conducting regular emergency drills to test plans and training.


includes actions taken to save lives and prevent property damage during an emergency. Response actions place preparedness plans into action and are comprised of the effective coordination and management of resources. Response actions take place during an emergency. 


Recovery consists of continuity actions that continue beyond the incident response phase to maintain or restore essential District functions and eventually resume steady-state operations. The recovery phase begins immediately after the threat to human life has subsided and consists of both short-term and long-term elements. Short-term recovery operations seek to resume business and educational operations. Long-term recovery focuses on restoring the District to its normal state of operations. Recovery actions take place after an emergency. 

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