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5E Model of Instruction

5E Definition

Teacher Behavior

Student Behavior

Engage
  • Generate interest

  • Access prior knowledge

  • Connect to past knowledge

  • Set parameters of the focus

  • Frame the idea

  • Motivates

  • Creates interest

  • Taps into what students know or think about the topic

  • Raises questions and encourages responses

  • Attentive in listening

  • Ask questions

  • Demonstrates interest in the lesson

  • Responds to questions demonstrating their own entry point of understanding

Explore
  • Experience key concepts

  • Discover new skills

  • Probe, inquire and question experiences

  • Examine their thinking

  • Establish relationships and understanding

  • Acts as a facilitator

  • Observes and listens to students as they interact

  • Asks good inquiry-oriented questions

  • Provides time for students to think and to reflect

  • Encourages cooperative learning

  • Conducts activities, predicts and forms hypotheses or makes generalizations

  • Becomes a good listener

  • Shares ideas and suspends judgment

  • Records observations and/or generalizations

  • Discusses tentative alternatives

Explain
  • Connect prior knowledge and background to new discoveries

  • Communicate new understandings

  • Connect informal language to formal language

  • Encourages students to explain their observations and findings in their own words

  • Provides definitions, new words and explanations

  • Listens and builds upon discussion form students

  • Accepts all reasonable responses

  • Explains, listens, defines and questions

  • Uses previous observations and findings

  • Provides reasonable responses to questions

  • Interacts in a positive, supportive manner

Extend/Elaborate
  • Apply new learning to a new or similar situation

  • Extend and explain concept being explored

  • Communicate new understanding with formal language

  • Uses previously learned information as a vehicle to enhance additional learning

  • Encourages students to apply or extend the new concepts and skills

  • Encourage students to use terms and definitions previously acquired

  • Applies new terms and definitions

  • Uses previous information to probe, ask questions and make reasonable judgments

  • Provides reasonable conclusions and solutions

  • Records observations, explanations and solutions

Evaluate
  • Assess understanding (Self, peer and teacher evaluation)

  • Demonstrate understanding of new concept by observation or open-ended response

  • Apply within problem situation

  • Show evidence of accomplishment

  • Observes student behaviors as they explore and apply new concepts and skills

  • Assesses students' knowledge and skills

  • Encourages students to assess their own learning

  • Asks open-ended questions

  • Demonstrates an understanding or knowledge of concepts and skills

  • Evaluates his/her own progress

  • Answers open-ended questions

  • Provides reasonable responses and explanations to events or phenomena

Source

Based on the 5E Instructional Model presented by Dr. Jim Barufaldi at the Eisenhower Science Collaborative Conference in Austin, Texas, July 2002.

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