Cardiac screening can detect a variety of potentially catastrophic genetic diseases. The simplest level of testing is an ECG, which looks at the electrical signals that the heart uses to contract and circulate blood through the body and lungs. An ECG involves placing electrodes on the chest around the heart to record those signals. The test is easy, painless, non-invasive and takes less than five minutes. It does not involve needles, blood work, radiation exposure or sedation. Boys will remove their shirts. Girls should wear a regular bra or sports bra, which will not need to be removed.
A cardiologist familiar with student athletes will review the ECG, which can detect a large number of heart diseases such as Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) or thickening of the heart, Long QT Syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White Disease, Arrhythmia, and Abnormal Right Ventricular Disease. All of these are electrical conduction issues and can be detected with an ECG.